ASC Programme Centre Beta

Feed Standard

Feed being scooped out of a bag

The UoC accounts for eligible ingredients input and feed output

Rationale

Aquaculture, as part of the broader seafood sector, is highly vulnerable to food fraud, especially product mislabelling and species substitution. In addition to this, there are traceability challenges related to the origin of the raw materials used and the complexity of the supply chain associated with aquaculture feed production. 

The ASC Feed Steering Committee appreciates that by the time the Feed standard is released, it is most unlikely that there are sufficient volumes of sustainably certified raw materials to produce ASC certified feed. Until then and as the first step, feed mills can use one or both of the two ASC accepted models and ASC feed may come in two forms – according to the mass balance production model[146] (containing both eligible[147] and non-eligible ingredients[148]) or according to the segregation production model[149] (containing only eligible ingredients). However, feed mills are encouraged to source increasingly more eligible ingredients for ASC feed. 

To be able to produce feed under the segregation production model, feed mills are required to identify and segregate eligible ingredients from non-eligible ingredients throughout all stages of production.

To produce feed under the mass balance production model, feed mills are required to have an accounting system in place to ensure volumes of incoming eligible ingredients cover the volumes of outgoing feed produced under the mass balance production model.

Scope Indicators 3.1.1 – 3.1.2 – Every UoC

3.1.1The UoC shall record all ingredients received, including:

  • Name and contact details of supplier;
  • Date of shipping and physical receipt;
  • Name and contact details of manufacturer;
  • Name of ingredient/unique identifier;
  • Unique Batch number / Lot code
  • Country (and region as required in Indicator 2.2.3 and 2.2.4) or fisheries of primary raw material production;
  • Quantity received (in kg or t);
  • Whether or not the ingredient consists of or contains, Genetically Modified material;
  • Whether or not the ingredient consists of or contains antibiotics, and if so, the inclusion level (mg or g/kg);
  • Validity of applicable Chain of Custody certification;
  • The marine sustainability category as defined in Principle 4;
  • Risk of legal deforestation/conversion for category 1) soy and oil palm-derived ingredients, as well as for category 2) highest-volume plant ingredients
3.1.2The UoC shall record all dispatched product[150], including:

  • Name and address of customer
  • Date of shipping and physical dispatch;
  • Name of product/unique identifier;
  • Quantity dispatched (in kg or t);
  • Whether or not the product consists of, or contains, Genetically Modified material;
  • Whether or not the product consists of or contains antibiotics, and if so, the inclusion level (mg or g/kg);
  • Whether or not the product was dispatched under the ASC segregation production model
  • Whether or not the product was dispatched under the ASC mass balance production model

Scope Indicators 3.1.3 and 3.1.4 – Only UoCs using the Segregation production model

3.1.3The UoC shall have a documented traceability system in place that ensures identity details of ingredients are recorded; this shall include ingredients during receiving, as well as any product produced thereof, through all stages within the UoC to dispatch.
3.1.4The UoC shall have in place systems to ensure ASC eligible ingredients and non-eligible ingredients remain segregated from receiving through all stages within the UoC to dispatch, in order to prevent mixing.

Scope Indicator 3.2.1 – 3.2.4 – Only UoCs using the Mass balance production model

Rationale

Compliance with the sustainability indicators in this Standard requires an accurate classification of the ingredients coming into the mill. Not all ingredients which can be sourced by the UoC also count towards the mass balance eligible volume. The indicators in this criterion set the requirements for this calculation.

Indicators
3.2.1The UoC shall determine which ingredients are eligible ingredients, and calculate the mass balance eligible volume following the instructions in Annex 5, recording the details of the calculation steps. 
3.2.2The UoC shall carry out the mass balance calculation annually, over a period of 12 months, January until December[151].  
3.2.3The UoC shall assess if processing ingredient prior to their use to manufacture the end product is likely to result in a change[152] of more than 5% by weight (volume) between the time of ingredient receiving and the time of its use. If so, the weight (volume) difference for pre-processing shall be determined and recorded, and shall be considered for the calculation of the mass balance eligible volume. 
3.2.4The UoC shall annually report the total volume of product sold under the mass balance production model by using the template provided on the ASC website. 

Scope Indicator 3.2.5 – Only UoCs using the Segregation production model

Indicators
3.2.5The UoC shall annually report the total volume of product sold under the segregation production model by using the template provided on the ASC website. 

Scope Indicator 3.3.1 – Only UoCs using the Mass balance production model

Rationale

To encourage uptake of the ASC Feed Standard, the UoC may only sell a portion of its output as ASC compliant feed. This initial version of the Standard permits manufacturers to choose between two models: the ASC Segregation production model and the ASC Mass balance production model. The indicators in this criterion set the requirements for labelling (or Identification) that can be made on final product depending on the model used. 

Note: Both models can be in use at the UoC at any time.

Indicators
3.3.1The UoC shall identify product which is sold under the mass balance production model by using the allowable feed claim, including the model applied (i.e. mass balance). The ASC logo shall not be used.  

Scope Indicator 3.3.2 – Only UoCs using the Segregation production model

Indicators
3.3.2The UoC shall identify product which is sold under the segregation production model by using a distinct feed name according to the feed names listed on the schedule to the certificate, followed by the allowable feed claim, including the model applied (i.e. segregation). The ASC trademarks can be used, subject to conditions.

Rationale

Nitrogen and phosphorus are released to waters surrounding fish pens as a result of uneaten feeds and metabolic by-products. If not managed properly, this can lead to significant changes to pelagic and benthic ecosystems. Feed companies can assist their customers to better understand the potential impacts of their feeds on the local environment by providing them with an estimate of the nutrient emissions based on nutrient content of their feeds. While the use of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) in feed is permitted, it must be disclosed. Transgenic plants are commonly used in aquaculture and animal feeds throughout the world, yet some consumers and retailers want to be able to identify food products, including farmed fish, that are genetically modified or that have been fed genetically modified ingredients. Documentation on the use of GMOs must be provided to customers. The requirement ensures transparency around any transgenic material in the feed (ingredients >0.9%) in order to support informed choices by retailers and consumers.

Indicators:
3.4.1The UoC shall disclose, with verifiable and supporting documentation upon request, the nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) content (in kilogram/tonne product or gram/kilogram product) of each feed product to all[153] buyers of the product.
3.4.2The UoC shall disclose the presence[154] of Genetically Modified Organisms[155] (GMO), or ingredients[156] produced from GMO of each product to all[157] buyers of the product. 
3.4.3The UoC shall disclose the active compound and inclusion levels (in mg or g/kilogram product) of added antibiotics or other added medicinal feed additives for each product to all[158] buyers of the product.  
3.4.4The UoC shall disclose relevant information regarding the inclusion level of whole-fish marine ingredients of each feed product[159] to ASC certified farms and farm applicants for ASC certification.